#histoVOICES: Aisha from Afghanistan

Aisha is from Afghanistan and tells you about war in her country, what her hopes are for the future, and what changes she would like to see in the United Nations.

Episode 1 - Symbols of Authority: The Mausoleum, the State Security and the Fear

Follow Louisa Slavkova from Sofia Platform Foundation and Bulgarian writer Georgi Gospodinov on their tour around places and events in Sofia in the context of the 1989 revolution.

The end of WWII, in 1945, was a turning point for Europe and the world. The West began to rebuild their homes, institutions, and re-commit to democratic norms. But the East set on a 45-year long path in which communism extended its tentacles into every aspect of the societies. In a way, the fall of the totalitarian regimes in 1989/91 brought the promise to the East that 1945 brought to the West. 75 years after the end of WWII and 30 years after 1989, the generation born after these events is now asking the question: “What is the impact of history of the recent past on our present?”

Dealing with the past has been a difficult topic for the Bulgarian society – both when it comes to the communist history and to the history of transition to democracy. With a series of documentary video tours in Sofia, SofiaPlatform aims to explore the events of ’89 through the places and people that bear witness of them. Contemporaries will take you on a tour to different historical sites in the capital and will talk about their experience of the revolution.

The Sofia Platform Foundation (SPF), a nongovernmental organization, is working in two main strands – teaching history of the recent past and civic education in both, formal and non-formal settings. Over the past seven years it has been initiating and managing projects related to dealing with the past with students and teachers in Bulgaria. On the local level, it supports the development of capacities and skills of individuals and organizations to strengthen their active citizenship. To provide high-quality educational activities, SPF’s formats are based on solid research and practice, constant impact measurement of its activities and working with a broad network of experts. On an international level, SPF focuses on informing the debate on historical legacy, transition and democracy consolidation through research, public dialogue and discussions. This includes developing educational materials on communism and transition in Eastern Europe as well as civic education materials for hard-to-reach learners together with international partners.

Argentina is a founding member and the only Latin American member of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, which was founded in 1998. Argentina is also the only Latin American country that has a museum dedicated to the history of the Holocaust. The country was neutral during the Second World War, but has a historical connection with the Holocaust, whose memory in Argentina is also linked to the memory of the time of the military dictatorship in the country. Our interview guest in this episode is Jonathan Karszenbaum, who is the executive director of the Holocaust Museum in Buenos Aires.

Intro: Kevin MacLeod, Sincerely, CC BY 4.0

Jonathan Karszenbaum , Argentina

is the executive director of the Holocaust Museum in Buenos Aires since 2016. He was one of the directors of the renovation project of the new museum and its modern exhibition inaugurated in December 2019. He has led various educational projects on the Shoah and given courses and lectures. Between 2009 and 2015 he directed two associations of Holocaust survivors and families, Shoah Generations and Sherit Hapleita. He has a degree in political science from the University of Buenos Aires (2007) and teaches Jewish history at ORT High School. He is a Yad Vashem scholar of the programs for educators (2010) and Morei Morim (2012).

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